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行業新聞

新技術快速檢測腦腫瘤

時間:2018-07-24 11:09:35 來源:本站 點擊:8次

  一種檢測細胞中蛋白質和脂質量的新技術可幫助外科醫生發現肉眼無法看到的腦腫瘤組織。目前,腦手術牽涉到許多的猜測。因為很難區分腦腫瘤與正常腦組織,神經外科醫生常常在手術時依賴像組織顏色和質地等可見的線索。在許多手術中,本來可以被安全去除的腫瘤組織卻意外地被留了下來。由DanielOrringer及其同事研發的新技術依靠拉曼光譜檢測法,它能通過檢測化學鍵的振動來對組織中的脂質和蛋白質的豐富程度進行測繪。

  一種檢測細胞中蛋白質和脂質量的新技術可幫助外科醫生發現肉眼無法看到的腦腫瘤組織。目前,腦手術牽涉到許多的猜測。因為很難區分腦腫瘤與正常腦組織,神經外科醫生常常在手術時依賴像組織顏色和質地等可見的線索。在許多手術中,本來可以被安全去除的腫瘤組織卻意外地被留了下來。由Daniel Orringer及其同事研發的新技術依靠拉曼光譜檢測法,它能通過檢測化學鍵的振動來對組織中的脂質和蛋白質的豐富程度進行測繪。腫瘤有著相對較高含量的蛋白及相對較低的脂質,而正常腦組織則兩者皆含量豐富。Orringer及其同事應用一種特殊的高功率類型的拉曼光譜檢測法——叫做受激拉曼散射或SRS,它能讓研究人員快速地對小鼠中的腦腫瘤成像。

  為了給圖像添加色彩,研究人員對拉曼信號進行編碼——使脂質呈綠色,蛋白呈藍色,因此腫瘤看上去大多呈藍色而正常組織則顯示大量的綠色。正如所料,他們看到癌細胞在組織中緊密地擠在一起并觀察到束狀的軸突——即長的纖維狀的神經元——會像高速公路那樣幫助癌細胞在大腦的各處穿行。研究人員還在腦手術時將SRS應用于活體小鼠并展示,SRS可在活體腦的區域中給腫瘤成像,而在這些區域中腫瘤組織對肉眼來說看上去是正常的。在腫瘤與正常組織之間的邊緣地帶,研究人員看到有細胞(推測是腫瘤細胞)向正常腦組織滲透。Orringer及其同事目前正在構建一種基于SRS成像的牙刷大小的手持式探頭,神經外科醫生在手術時有可能會無需除去組織而對腦組織進行分析。

  生物谷推薦的英文摘要

  Sci. Transl. Med. DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.3005954

  Rapid, Label-Free Detection of Brain Tumors with Stimulated Raman Scattering Microscopy

  Minbiao Ji1,*, Daniel A. Orringer2,*, Christian W. Freudiger1, Shakti Ramkissoon3,4, Xiaohui Liu5, Darryl Lau2, Alexandra J. Golby5,6, Isaiah Norton5, Marika Hayashi4, Nathalie Y. R. Agar5,6, Geoffrey S. Young6, Cathie Spino7, Sandro Santagata3, Sandra Camelo-Piragua8, Keith L. Ligon3,4,9, Oren Sagher2 and X. Sunney Xie1,?

  Surgery is an essential component in the treatment of brain tumors. However, delineating tumor from normal brain remains a major challenge. We describe the use of stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) microscopy for differentiating healthy human and mouse brain tissue from tumor-infiltrated brain based on histoarchitectural and biochemical differences. Unlike traditional histopathology, SRS is a label-free technique that can be rapidly performed in situ. SRS microscopy was able to differentiate tumor from nonneoplastic tissue in an infiltrative human glioblastoma xenograft mouse model based on their different Raman spectra. We further demonstrated a correlation between SRS and hematoxylin and eosin microscopy for detection of glioma infiltration (κ = 0.98). Finally, we applied SRS microscopy in vivo in mice during surgery to reveal tumor margins that were undetectable under standard operative conditions. By providing rapid intraoperative assessment of brain tissue, SRS microscopy may ultimately improve the safety and accuracy of surgeries where tumor boundaries are visually indistinct.

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